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What are Some Neurological Disorders?

by Eric
Neurological Disorders

Our nervous system plays a myriad of functions, from sight to smell and walking to speaking. However, when something goes wrong with a part of the nervous system, it can result in a neurological disorder. Every year, millions of people are affected by neurological disorders, which are diseases of the brain, spinal cord, and the nerves which connect them. Most times people are unaware that they have a neurological disorder.

It is vital to understand the symptoms of neurological disorders, as it may prompt one to seek medical attention, resulting in an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. Nervous system disorders require the clinical attention of a physician or other healthcare professional. One can seek neurological treatment from various specialty hospitals. Patients in Bangalore can seek treatment and neurosurgery from the best neurosurgery hospital in Bangalore.

This article discusses the most common neurological disorders we see as well as how to identify them.

1.   Dementia

Dementia is a broad term for memory loss, language, problem-solving abilities, and other cognitive abilities that significantly hampers daily life. Dementia is a catch-all term for a group of diseases, such as Alzheimer’s, that can cause one’s brain to fail. Dementia is due to brain cell damage. This damage hampers the brain cells’ ability to communicate with one another. When brain cells are unable to communicate normally, thinking, behavior, and feelings are likely to be affected. Read more about the Most effective Methods to Deal with Hemorrhoids.

2.   Parkinson’s disease

It is a neurological disorder that affects movement in an individual. Tremors are usual, but the disorder is also associated with stiffness or slowing of movement. The symptoms are likely to vary from person to person. Initial symptoms may be subtle and go unnoticed. Symptoms appear gradually, sometimes beginning with a barely noticeable tremor in only one hand and ending up worsening as the disease progresses.

Parkinson’s disease cannot be cured, however, medications may help to alleviate the symptoms.

3.   Stroke

A stroke is typically caused by a lack of blood flow to the brain, which is frequently caused by a clot or blockage in an artery. A stroke is a medical emergency that must be treated as soon as possible. The longer a stroke goes untreated, the more likely it is that brain damage and disability will occur. Hence, the patient needs to be rushed to the hospital immediately. One can avail the best treatment in tier 1 cities. Patients in Bangalore can seek treatment and neurosurgery from the best neurosurgery hospital in Bangalore.

4.   Alzheimer’s disease

This disease is characterized by memory loss. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive neurological disorder that causes brain cells to die and the brain to shrink (atrophy). Alzheimer’s disease is caused by a number of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors that have an impact on the brain over time. Early symptoms of the disease include forgetting recent events or conversations. Medications may improve or slow the progression of symptoms temporarily. Complications from severe loss of brain function, such as dehydration, malnutrition, or infection, resulting in death in the progression of the disease.

5.   Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a central nervous system (neurological) disorder characterized by abnormal brain activity, resulting in seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations, and, in some cases, loss of awareness. The symptoms of a seizure differ depending on the type of seizure. A person with epilepsy will typically have the same type of seizure every time, so the symptoms will be similar from episode to episode.

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